It’s not entirely clear who minted this coin. Sills draws parallels to the British Ad2 Geometric quarter staters and to the Gb-Ce staters which are tentatively assigned to the Catuslougi. There is no known associated quarter stater, although the Horse Geometric quarter stater is the most likely candidate. This also has similarities to the British Ad series, both with the staters and Geometric quarters. It’s probable that it was minted by a small group of refugees who came to Britain during the Gallic Wars, which might explain the small numbers found and the extremely low gold content.
The style of the horse and the similarities to the Gb-Ce staters suggest an early mint date, but the gold content is very low (an average of only 28.88%) putting them on par with British G which are dated to 57 BC to 55 BC. The gold content is so low that they were almost certainly minted towards the end of this period.
At the time of writing (2021) there are only fifteen Class 1 coins (the Right Type) recorded. Nine of them were found in the Yarmouth Hoard and are in the British Musem (8) and the Ashmolean Museum (1). One of the remaining six coins is plated.
|Typical Celtic degraded head of Apollo, but with a missing face. Instead, the hairbar ends with a three pronged object in the nose area, below which a crescent has three claw like crescents hanging from it. Above the three pronged “nose”, to the right, is a bell shaped object. Only the very edge of this can be seen on this coin.
|Right facing horse with a tail ending with three crescents, each one ending in a pellet. The forelegs are formed by a six bladed windmill motif with a pellet centre. Two arms are parallel, forming the horse’s forelegs. The lower arm of the windmill (the horse’s foot) ends in a three toed claw, although a die break makes it appear as an inverted birds head on this coin. The segment between the upper right arms has a pellet triad, and the one below has an undeterministic object.
There are nine bold pellets in a rosette arrangement above and three below the horse. Above the horse’s tail is an object that’s possibly a lyre. The exergue is formed of two parallel lines, joined by alternating diagonal lines. Between the diagonal lines are single pellets.
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